1. Can BIM be used on any construction project , even on smaller ones?
In theory, yes: BIM can be applied to any type of project, regardless of its size. However, the objectives and uses of BIM vary from project to project: they can be more ambitious in large projects and more modest in small projects. The key is to be clear at the outset about the BIM goals on a project, which are then described in the BIM Execution Plan (BEP).
The use of BIM is very often related to BIM readiness rather than the size of the project or the organisation. Development of an organisation’s BIM capabilities is linked to the financial investment in the software and time investment in training. Once an organisation is BIM ready, project size is less relevant because the BIM processes on small new-build projects are the same as for larger projects – it is simply on a smaller scale.
2. How much training is necessary to start working with BIM?
Training is required to get familiar with BIM, but the extent of it depends on the role of the participant in the project. The federated BIM model is generally developed from several BIM models (called discipline models) such as an architectural model, a structural model, an electrical services model etc . For some disciplines, models must be developed in more detail and therefore require additional modelling work. In that case, the staff assigned to these activities should undergo extensive training in BIM modelling.
However, contractors who are not directly involved in these disciplines can also take part in the BIM process. For example, they can access the BIM model on site, using a BIM viewer on a mobile device. BIM viewers allow the contractor to view the different elements of the project in 3D (not just the 2D plans). This in turn improves their perception and understanding of the project - but also they are able to check the schedule of tasks and help improve site monitoring. In that case, basic training on the use of a BIM viewer should be sufficient.
3. What is the difference between a BIM Manager and a BIM Coordinator?
The BIM Manager is the individual responsible for the implementation and management of overall BIM process and associated technology during the design, construction, and handover stages of a project. They coordinate exchanges between BIM Coordinators, who are his contacts in each partner company.
A BIM coordinator manages the BIM process at a project level. They are familiar with the modelling rules and is responsible for developing and maintaining the BIM protocols, the BIM Execution plan and other documentation. The BIM coordinator ensures that the BIM Modellers respect and apply the protocols. They are the guarantor of the quality and accuracy of the digital model and associated data for which their company is responsible.